Craftsmanship and Technological Wonder Unite with Gustave Trouvé’s 1867 Electric Skull Stickpin

Gustave Trouvé electric skull stickpin

Beautiful craftsmanship and technological wonder unite through the invention of a group of electric novelty jewels.  Among these rare jewels is a gold and enamel skull stickpin with a hinged jaw and rose-cut diamond eyes.

Gustave Trouvé electric skull stickpinThis early electrical wonder was invented by the creative French engineer Gustave Trouvé and made in Paris in 1867 by Auguste-Germain Cadet-Picard. Trouvé trained as a watchmaker and opened his own workshop in 1863. His many inventions included a miniature hermetically sealed battery, patented in 1865, enabling him to create his electric jewels.

On seeing these electric jewels at the 1867 Paris Exhibition jeweler Henri Vever described them as ‘jewels of near-terrifying originality’ and the English publisher Henry Vizetelly wrote,

but the most absurd of all, was a small death’s head connected by a wire with a Lilliputian battery carried in the pocket, enabling the death’s head to distend its jaws and close and open them at the wearer’s pleasure, greatly to the bewilderment of anyone not in the secret.

The ‘wearable Lilliputian battery’ would be kept in a gentleman’s breast pocket and attached to the stickpin with invisible wire. He could then bring the stickpin to life by secretly turning the battery sideways or upside down.

The following illustrations explaining the interior mechanics appeared in Georges Barral’s 1891 book, Histoire d’Un Inventeur:

Gustave Trouve rabbitGustave Trouve rabbit2 Gustave Trouve from Barral book

Such stickpins are a marvel in any age, but in the nineteenth century, they were a particularly awe-inspiring application of new technology, as the The Times reported,

The toy is amusing enough. Everybody has seen how bells are rung in all the new hotels in Paris, London, and New York. Instead of pulling the bell making it ring by an exertion of mechanical force, we press a small button in the wall; this is connected by an electric wire with a little alarm, the clapper of which keeps on jingling so long as the button is pressed … This principle a Frenchman has adapted to cravat pins …

Other designs included a monkey in spectacles pulling faces, Harlequin and Columbine dancing a ballet, a hummingbird beating its wings, a soldier beating a drum, a monkey playing a violin, a fluttering butterfly, an electro-spherical doorbell, and a rabbit playing with sticks on a little drum.

Gustave Trouve stickpins in 1891 George Barral book

Two of the stickpins, as well as a ladies’ hairpin fashioned as a hummingbird with beating wings, were featured in the scientific journal La Nature:

Bijoux Electriques Animes from La Nature

It did not take long for these stickpins to become rare, collectors’ items, as a lack of qualified craftsman limited their production. By 1891, pieces that had originally cost 50 francs were costing between 700 and 1000 francs on the rare occasions that they came up for sale.

The Victoria & Albert Museum has an identical non-working example in their collection. At A La Vieille Russie, ‘where the unusual is usual®, we are pleased to present the only working one in the world, certainly a jewel that anyone can love to death.

A video of the skull can be found on our Instagram page here.

For all our ALVR Blog posts, please click here.