Craftsmanship and Technological Wonder Unite with Gustave TrouvÃ©’s 1867 Electric Skull Stickpin
Beautiful craftsmanship and technological wonder unite through the invention of a group of electric novelty jewels. Â Among these rare jewels is a gold and enamel skull stickpin with a hinged jaw and rose-cut diamond eyes.
This early electrical wonder wasÂ invented by the creative French engineer Gustave TrouvÃ© and made in Paris in 1867 by Auguste-Germain Cadet-Picard.Â TrouvÃ© trained as a watchmaker and opened his own workshop in 1863. His many inventions included a miniature hermetically sealed battery, patented in 1865, enabling him to create his electric jewels.
On seeing these electric jewels at the 1867 Paris Exhibition jeweler Henri Vever described them as â€˜jewels of near-terrifying originalityâ€™ and the English publisher Henry Vizetelly wrote,
but the most absurd of all, was a small deathâ€™s head connected by a wire with a Lilliputian battery carried in the pocket, enabling the deathâ€™s head to distend its jaws and close and open them at the wearerâ€™s pleasure, greatly to the bewilderment of anyone not in the secret.
The â€˜wearable Lilliputian batteryâ€™ would be kept in a gentlemanâ€™s breast pocket and attached to the stickpin with invisible wire. He could then bring the stickpin to life by secretly turning the battery sideways or upside down.
The following illustrations explaining the interior mechanics appeared in Georges Barralâ€™s 1891 book, Histoire dâ€™Un Inventeur:
Such stickpins are a marvel in any age, but in the nineteenth century, they were a particularly awe-inspiring application of new technology, as the The Times reported,
The toy is amusing enough. Everybody has seen how bells are rung in all the new hotels in Paris, London, and New York. Instead of pulling the bell making it ring by an exertion of mechanical force, we press a small button in the wall; this is connected by an electric wire with a little alarm, the clapper of which keeps on jingling so long as the button is pressed â€¦ This principle a Frenchman has adapted to cravat pins â€¦
Other designs included a monkey in spectacles pulling faces, Harlequin and Columbine dancing a ballet, a hummingbird beating its wings, a soldier beating a drum, a monkey playing a violin, a fluttering butterfly, an electro-spherical doorbell, and a rabbit playing with sticks on a little drum.
Two of the stickpins, as well as a ladiesâ€™ hairpin fashioned as a hummingbird with beating wings, were featured in the scientific journal La Nature:
It did not take long for these stickpins to become rare, collectorsâ€™ items, as a lack of qualified craftsman limited their production. By 1891, pieces that had originally cost 50 francs were costing between 700 and 1000 francs on the rare occasions that they came up for sale.
The Victoria & Albert Museum has an identical non-working example in their collection. At A La Vieille Russie, â€˜where the unusual is usualâ€™Â®, we are pleased to present the only working one in the world, certainly a jewel that anyone can love to death.
A video of the skull can be found on our Instagram page here.